PURPOSE OF ESTABLISHMENT
The mission of the Laboratory is:
- To cover all research and teaching undergraduate and graduate needs of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTh) School of Law, as well the needs of other AUTh Departments, concerning the subject of Medical Law and Bioethics, addressing issues such as:
- medical liability,
- medical ethics,
- beginning of the human life,
- notion of death,
- living wills,
- assisted suicide,
- cosmetic surgery,
- sex change,
- human organs trafficking,
- medically assisted reproduction,
- genetic tests,
- gene therapy,
- human experiments,
- palliative care,
- stem cells research,
- sex selection,
- genetically modified organisms,
- clinical studies,
- DNA analysis etc.
2. To develop all kinds of collaboration in spirit of reciprocity with other Greek and foreign universities or research centers, under the presupposition that their scientific purposes coincide, are in line or complement the ones of the Laboratory.
3. To organize scientific lectures, workshops, seminars, summer schools, congresses and other scientific events.
4. Το effectuate publications and papers and to invite Greek and foreign scientists of recognised standing, in order to fulfill its purposes.
5. To develop collaborations with international organizations, public services and other scientific and social carriers, in Greece and abroad, so that the scientific personnel of the Laboratory contributes to the study and to the submission of proposals for the policy planning and alternative means of addressing issues within the scope of the knowledge field of the Laboratory.
6. To offer its services to private persons, according to the provisions of the presidential decree 159/1984 (issue A’, no 53).
7. To provide opinions (to courts etc) on issues which are relevant in the field of its known object, according to the statutory legislation.
8. To collect, process, store και provide data in the field of medical law and bioethics.
9. To assume consulting work and studies, with the purpose of satisfying the needs of the society in this very field.
10. To maintain its own website and to proceed to the edition of an e-journal in the field of its interest.
11. To assume any other scientific, research and educational initiative or activity which are relevant in the field of its known object.
The need for the establishment of the Laboratory arose during the implementation of a program belonging to the ARISTEIA II, approved in our Faculty and implementated by it, in collaboration with the AUTh School of Medicine, co-funded by the European Union and the General Secretariat of /research and Technology, with the subject: “Medically Assisted Reproduction and protection of the embryo in vitro” (February 2014 – October 2015).
During the materialization of this program, the current legislative framework of seven European countries on assisted reproduction was noted down and the problems stemming from it were pointed out. Beyond the legislation, relative national and international studies were deployed, as well as the already existing bibliography. Personal interviews with almost 100 scientists, all experts in assisted reproduction issues, were conducted, including jurists, doctors, psychologists, biologists, theologians, anthropologists and specialists in strategy on assisted reproduction and embryology. Seven national reports were drawn up, which were the rock bed of an extended comparative study, two international conferences were organised in Thessaloniki, Greece, with 57 lecturers in total (their Minutes were published in four volumes in Greek and in English) and concrete proposals were drafted – in Greek and in English as well – for the formulation of a European legislative framework in the field of assisted reproduction, through which the complex problems born to the legislative restrictions in individual countries can be solved.
These proposals have been sent to the responsible Authorities in Greece and in European Union.
Meanwhile, a website for issues of medically assisted reproduction issues was set up, where one can find all relevant legislation, extensive case law of Greek and European courts, studies, surveys, news and other material. All the research material is also posted on this website (repro.law.auth.gr).
The implementation of the program highlighted the need to strengthen and to broaden the interdisciplinary dialogue in the field of medical law and bioethics, in the context of a stable structure, which can offer to the Faculty of Law an intervention step on topics of particular interest not only for the scientific community, but for the whole society.
The Laboratory of Medical Law and Bioethics continues in this way, and it expands this ARISTEIA project, drawing its results, its research tools and its database. At the same time, it builds on and continues all the already founded collaborations of the research team with other universities or institutes domestically and abroad (National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panteion University, University of the Aegean, Paris I, Pantheon-Sorbonne, University Sacro Cuore, Göteborg, Mannheim, European University of Cyprus, University of Nicosia, Uppsala University, University Cambridge, Queen Mary University, Manchester University, UCL, Trento University, Augsburg University, London School of Economics), but with national authorities, too, such as the Authority of Medically Assisted Reproduction and the National Bioethics Committee.
In order to fulfill the objectives of the workshop:
- scientific meetings of the laboratory members are organized, inviting other scientists, too, if it is deemed important, in order to process and to form statements on current critical issues (“Think Tank”), promoting the scientific dialogue on its subject and formulating policy recommendations to the relevant bodies,
- internal scientific meetings of the members of the laboratory are organized, after an AUTh faculty member submits such a request, in order for processing scientific issues on the subject of Medical Law and Bioethics, in order to support the teaching of these specific subjects, in the AUTh Faculty of Law and in other AUTh Schools
- the teaching within the AUTh Interdisciplinary Postgraduate Program “Contemporary Medical Acts: Legal Regulation and Bioethical Dimension”, which is implemented with the cooperation of four AUTh Faculties (Theology, Medicine, Law and Dentistry) is enhanced, as well as the teaching of the undergraduate joint seminar of the new curriculum of the Faculty of Law entitled “Medical liability law”
- research programs are run in individual sections of the Medical Law and Bioethics , funded by governmental, EU or private sources, with as much an interdisciplinary character as possible,
- services are offered to private persons, according to the provisions of the presidential decree 159/1984 (issue A’, no 53), as well as opinions (to courts etc) on issues which are relevant in the field of its known object, according to the statutory legislation,
- scientific lectures, workshops, conferences and other scientific events are organized for specific audiences or the general public, on current affairs or of high interest,
- seminars and summer schools for specific audiences or the general public take place
- scientific collaborations are formed with the National Bioethics Committee, the Authority on Medical Assisted Reproduction, Medical Associations, the National School of Judges , other educational or research institutes or other scientific associations and services related to the subject of the workshop on legal or private persons are provided,
- partnerships with international organizations dealing with issues of medical law and bioethics are developed,
- scientific data on medical law and bioethics are being collected, processed, stored and distributed,
- the possibility for internships is offered to graduate students (with provision of attestation), with indexing issues falling within the field of medical law and bioethics and their being posted on the laboratory site, under the mention of the student’s name,
- graduate students for doctoral studies in this area supported, notably by allowing monitoring of internal meetings, participation in research projects, the use of bibliography etc., with financial support and scholarships,
- findings of surveys or studies conducted within the laboratory are published through its website and through a specialized webzine.
The Laboratory collaborates with many Universities or Institutes in Greece and abroad:
- National and Capodistrian University of Athens,
- Panteion University
- University of the Aegean
- Cambridge University,
- Paris I, Pantheon-Sorbonne,
- University Sacro Cuore,
- University of Göteborg,
- University of Mannheim,
- European University Cyprus,
- University of Nicosia,
- Uppsala University,
- Queen Mary University,
- Manchester University,
- Trento University,
- Augsburg University,
- London School of Economics
as well as with National Authorities, such as:
- Authority of Medically Assisted Reproduction and
- National Bioethics Commission
The Laboratory is funded by:
- The execution of research and training (national, European and/or international) projects implementated for its own account or for the account of third parties.
- The heritages , the donations, the inheritances and other financial aid to the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki for the purposes of the Laboratory.
- The revenue from the ervices rendered in accordance with the Article 3 of the Presidential Decree 159/1984 (A’ 53).
- The distribution of results of research projects or of scientific products in general.
- The special offers, fundings and other donations from international organizations, public or private companies and legal entities or individuals.
- The financing or co-financing of research projects from various Ministries or agencies of the Public Sector.
- The sales from Laboratory publications.